After having examined qualitatively the major research proposals weakness in terms of connection with theory and writing style, this post aims to highlight the importance of the person used in academic writing:
Bear in mind that the writing style and the person to be used may vary from one context to another and from one institution to another. However, as far as academic writing is concerned, third person must be used generally. Additionally, the most recognized writing style for social and behavioral sciences, the one provided by the American Psychological Association, also recommends, with some exceptions, the use of third person.
Your research proposals, as well as the research project itself, fall within what is considered academic writing.
The use of first and third person
Although there are exceptions, (for example, if you are discussing a field trip that you personally took in order to conduct research or interviews that you carried out), normally academic writing does not make use of the first person. This means you would not use ‘I’ in your essays. Therefore, instead of writing ‘I will argue’, you might write ‘this research will argue’. The first reason for this is that academic writing must be formal and impersonal.
Consider the difference between these two sentences:
1. ‘In this proposal, I will discuss the reasons why talent estrategy is important to the improvement of Chinese economy”
2. “Talent strategy is important to the improvement of Chinesses economy”
Not only is the second sentence more formal because it does not make use of the personal ‘I’, but it is also more direct and thus sounds clearer, more concise, and more academic. Instead of stating that a point will be made, as in the first sentence, the second sentence simply makes the point directly.
The second reason why the use of the first person is discouraged is that it is often redundant (unnecessary). Consider the difference between these two sentences:
1. “I believe that talent strategy is relevant to the improvement of Chinese economy”
2. Talent strategy is relevant to the improvement of Chinese economy”
It is unnecessary to state ‘I believe’. The reader knows that the statement is what the author believes, because the author is writing it in their proposal. Further, which sentence sounds more convincing? The second sentence sounds more convincing because it is direct and straight to the point.
Finally, the use of third person grants objectivity and avoid subjective statements. Academic writing is not about your opinions and feelings. It should be rooted in facts and not fictitious claims.
- Qualitative evaluation of research proposals. Part 1 (researchmethodsgdansk.wordpress.com)
- Qualitative evaluation of research proposals. Part 2 (researchmethodsgdansk.wordpress.com)
- Important Academic Writing Styles: A Brief (bestcustomwriting.wordpress.com)
This is very useful information for those who are struggling with reserach proposal like me ;(
I’m interested with your post about research proposal, I have collection of publication on my website,if you mind you can find here Publication
While I agree with some of this, a very different point could be made. I found a convincing abstract of an article that presents the value of “first person” research; here’s a link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1607509
Thanks for this article. We agree that academic writers should stick to using the third person even in proposals. We were checking the opinions of experts and are happy to have our practices validated here. Keep up the good work.
This is entirely incorrect; moreover, the examples that you use are nonsensical because they mean different things.
In the first example, you state “In this proposal, I will discuss the reasons why talent strategy is important to the improvement of [the] Chinese economy” and contrast it with “Talent strategy is relevant to the improvement of [the] Chinese economy” but these two sentences mean different things. tIn the first you are saying that you will discuss the reasons for why the subject is important and in the second you are simply making an assertion that the subject is important, Two entirely different things.
The second example is even worse “I believe that talent strategy is relevant to the improvement of [the] Chinese economy” simply does not mean the same thing as “Talent strategy is relevant to the improvement of [the] Chinese economy”. There may be an argument for using the third person in academic proposals, but the ones that are advanced here are not good ones.