Open pit located in Elsdorf is a town in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approximately 5 km south-west of Bergheim and 30 km west of Cologne.
30.000 people were displaced
170 km2 were recovered for agricultural use
Reference: Aréchaga Rodríguez, F. (2013) “La influencia de la actividad extractiva de materias primas en el desarrollo económico y social de un pais”. Jornada de reflexión (Galicia). Confedem. Santiago de Compostela