Green gentrification in Barcelona: is it fair the disbribution of access to urban natural spaces?

Rosa M. Bosch writes this interesting article (in Spanish) in La Vanguardia on “green gentrification” in Barcelona. The sociologist and geographer Dr. Isabelle Anguelovski has analyzed how has changed the socioeconomic profile of people living near gardens and parks created in Barcelona between 1992 and 2000. The study suggests that the new areas have attracted wealthy neighbors and move away poor ones. Importantly, the article also echo the fact that Amguelovski will conduct a new cross national research, funded by EU (Starting Grant from European Research Council) with 1.5 million euros, in which the situation of 20 cities in Europe will be compared with other US 20. They will “make a ranking of environmentally fairer populations and determine their social impact and health”.

¿La distribución del acceso a los espacios naturales urbanos es justa? ¿La naturaleza beneficia a todos? En algunas zonas del Poblenou o la Barceloneta la respuesta es no. Esa es la conclusión a la que ha llegado un equipo de investigadores del Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA) de la UAB, liderado por la socióloga y geógrafa Isabelle Anguelovski, que ha analizado cómo ha variado el perfil socioeconómico de las personas que residen junto a 18 parques y jardines creados en Barcelona entre 1992 y principios de la década del 2000, en Sant Martí, Sant Andreu, Nou Barris, Ciutat Vella y Horta-Guinardó.

Vecinos de Nueva York, Boston o Portland hace años que batallan contra la “gentrificación verde”, proceso que se produce cuando la población original de un enclave de clase media o media-baja es desplazada por nuevos habitantes con mayor nivel adquisitivo que llegan atraídos por las mejoras que ha experimentado gracias a la implantación de áreas verdes. El precio del alquiler y de venta de inmuebles, ya convenientemente reformados, sube y las clases más vulnerables no tienen otra opción que marchar.

En Evaluando los impactos de la gentrificación ambiental en barrios históricamente vulnerables de Barcelona, Anguelovski utiliza seis indicadores: inquilinos con título universitario; inmigrantes no comunitarios y los procedentes de países ricos; residentes de más de 65 años solos; incremento de la renta de los habitantes, y valor de la vivienda. Hay gentrificación verde cuando confluyen tres de estos parámetros, como ha pasado en los parques del Poblenou y Nova Icària, ambos en Sant Martí, y en los jardines Príncep de Girona, en Horta. “Los cambios demográficos más importantes se han manifestado en el parque del Poblenou donde los vecinos con un mínimo de una licenciatura que viven a 100 metros de la zona verde aumentó en un 689% frente al 139% del conjunto de Sant Martí. También en los parques de las Cascades, Port Olímpic, Nova Icària y Carles I hubo un incremento, del 473%, frente al citado 139% de Sant Martí y el 127% de Ciutat Vella, de 1991 al 2001”, dice Anguelovski. Asimismo, los ingresos de las familias más cercanas al parque del Poblenou subieron en cinco años un 20,53% frente al 2,8% de media del conjunto de Sant Martí, y los extranjeros llegados de países del norte crecieron un 3.791 % en comparación al 228% de todo el distrito.

Sant Martí, y en concreto el Poblenou, es la zona de Barcelona donde se aprecia más este fenómeno. “El reverdecimiento de este ámbito del litoral ha ido acompañado de promociones inmobiliarias. Mientras que en barriadas estigmatizadas de Nou Barris o de Sant Andreu no ha habido gentrificación, sino todo lo contrario, sospechamos que han sido las que han recibido a los ciudadanos pobres expulsados de sus barrios”. Teniendo en cuenta que vivir cerca de una zona verde mejora la salud, tal como ha demostrado el Centre de Recerca en Epidemiologia Ambiental (Creal) de Barcelona en varios estudios, el ICTA pone estos datos al servicio de las administraciones para promover justicia ambiental.

Y para profundizar en este nuevo campo, Anguelovski coordinará desde Barcelona un extenso trabajo, financiado por la UE (Starting Grant del European Research Council) con 1,5 millones de euros, en el que se comparará la situación de 20 ciudades de Europa y otras 20 de EE.UU. “Haremos un ranking de las poblaciones ambientalmente más justas y determinaremos su impacto social y en la salud”, concluye Anguelovski .

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Funding opportunities: “ERC step by step”

Research Funding FAQs (In Germany)

Are the funding rates the same for all foundations?

No. For PhD scholarships the monthly amount is usually fixed at €1,050 plus individual research amounts. There are, however, scholarships which are worth more or less than this. Beyond the PhD there is no uniform rate and the basic monthly amount varies.

Is there an age limit for applicants?

Yes, there are often set age limits for applicants for PhD scholarships, usually between 27 and 35 years of age. In the case of scholarships for researchers who already hold doctorates, there are rarely age limits but there is a limit on the maximum number of years an applicant may have held a doctorate. There are no such restrictions for professors or those who have completed their habilitation and are eligible to become full professors.

Can I apply for more than one scholarship at the same time?

This is a delicate subject as many funding bodies have a shared pool of data which they all access. This means that if you apply to one funding body, your details are stored in the database and any other bodies to which you apply will be able to see that you are, in effect, hedging your bets. In such cases you are nearly always out of the running for both applications. Having said that, it is not clear which funding bodies are linked in this way and what the likelihood is of a double application being discovered. As a general rule, however, it’s best to avoid making simultaneous applications.

Do I need to have delivered outstanding performance in order to receive a scholarship?

In most cases, yes. However, when filling out your application, do not underestimate the significance of the detailed concept for the research project. Any weaknesses in grades achieved during your studies can be balanced with an outstanding and innovative research concept. There are also a number of special scholarships which are aimed at research scientists in financial difficulties. In such cases, grades play a role albeit a less important one than for scholarships for the gifted.

Can I apply to German scholarship programmes as a foreign researcher?

Quite often, yes, because sponsors want to promote an international research environment in Germany. One prerequisite, however, for foreign scholars in Germany is that they should already have spent some time in Germany prior to applying. For more detailed information about who can apply for which scholarship programme please consult the relevant programme descriptions. There are also a number of other sponsors who specialise in funding foreign scholars in Germany such as the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) or the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. A list of relevant funding organisations, funding programmes and funding databases can be found here: www.research-in-germany.de.

Are there intermediate evaluations by sponsors?

In some cases, yes. The intermediate evaluation normally serves as a way of assessing previous research work and to help decide whether the scholarship should run for its full duration.

After the scholarship, do I need to write a report on my research activities?

Yes, in virtually all cases this is compulsory. In cases where you do not need to write a report, sponsors will expect you to publish at least one relevant publication based on the research results. A final report is used to check whether the research funding which was granted was used sensibly and provides evidence to the sponsor of your activities. Some funding bodies may even request an annual research report.

Original source: academics

Sofja Kovalevskaja Award #ResearchFundingOpportunities

Description of Sofja Kovalevskaja Award

Submit an application if you are a successful top-rank junior researcher from abroad, onlycompleted your doctorate with distinction in the last six years, and have published work in prestigious international journals or publishing houses. The Sofja Kovalevskaja Award allows you to spend five years building up a working group and working on a high-profile, innovative research project of your own choice at a research institution of your own choice in Germany.

Scientists and scholars from all disciplines may apply directly to the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. The Humboldt Foundation plans to grant up to eight Sofja Kovalevskaja Awards. The award is valued at up to 1.65 million EUR.

The application submission deadline is September 1, 2014. The selection is scheduled for March 2015.

Alexander von Humboldt “We support people, not projects” #ResearchFundingOpportunities

We promote academic cooperation between excellent scientists and scholars from abroad and from Germany.
Our research fellowships and research awards allow you to come to Germany to work on a research project you have chosen yourself together with a host and collaborative partner.
If you are a scientist or scholar from Germany you can profit from our support and carry out a research project abroad as a guest of one of more than 26,000 Humboldt Foundation alumni worldwide – the Humboldtians.
As an intermediary organisation for German foreign cultural and educational policy we promote international cultural dialogue and academic exchange.
What is important to us
If you would like to become a member of the Humboldt Family, only one thing counts: your own excellent performance. There are no quotas, neither for individual countries, nor for particular academic disciplines. Our selection committees comprise academics from all fields of specialisation and they make independent decisions, based solely on the applicant’s academic record. We support people, not projects. After all, even in times of increasing teamwork, it is the individual’s ability and dedication that are decisive for academic success.

Become an Humboldtian
Whether you are a young postdoctoral researcher at the beginning of your academic career, an experienced, established academic, or even a world authority in your discipline – our research fellowships and research awards offer you sponsorship tailored to you and your career situation.

Become a host in Germany
Every Humboldtian needs an academic host. Become a host and encourage your young, collaborative partners from abroad to apply for a Humboldt Foundation research fellowship for a research stay at your institute, or nominate a cutting-edge researcher of your choice for a Humboldt Research Award. The fellowship includes an allowance for research costs towards financing equipment, research assistance, administrative costs and so on. It helps you and your guest researcher to create optimum conditions for fruitful cooperation.